Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Overview of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer that starts in the bone marrow, which is responsible for producing blood cells in the body. AML is cancer that grows rapidly, which affects the production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets, which can lead to a range of symptoms and complications. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of AML, as well as the role of bone marrow transplantation in its management.


The exact cause of AML is unknown, but there are several factors that may increase the risk of developing this type of cancer. These factors include exposure to certain chemicals, radiation, previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and genetic disorders. Certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity have also been linked to an increased risk of AML.


The symptoms of AML can vary depending on the stage of the disease and the number of abnormal cells present in the blood. 

Some common symptoms of AML include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, fever, night sweats, and unexplained weight loss. AML can also cause bleeding and bruising, which can lead to nosebleeds, gum bleeding, or easy bruising. Patients with AML may also develop infections more easily, as their immune system may be weakened.


The diagnosis of AML involves several tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), bone marrow biopsy, and cytogenetic analysis. The CBC measures the number of red and white blood cells in the blood, as well as the amount of hemoglobin and platelets. The bone marrow biopsy involves removing a small sample of bone marrow tissue, usually from the hip bone, to examine under a microscope. Cytogenetic analysis involves studying the chromosomes of the cancer cells to look for specific genetic changes that may affect the prognosis and treatment options.


The treatment of AML depends on several factors, including the stage of the disease, the patient’s age and overall health, and the genetic profile of the cancer cells. The mainstay of treatment for AML is chemotherapy, which involves using drugs to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given in several cycles, depending on the response to treatment. In some cases, radiation therapy may also be used to target cancer cells in specific parts of the body. In recent years, targeted therapies and immunotherapy have also emerged as promising new treatment options for AML.

Role of Bone Marrow Transplantation:

Bone marrow transplantation (BMT), also known as stem cell transplantation, is a procedure that involves transplanting healthy stem cells into a patient’s bone marrow to replace diseased or damaged cells. BMT can be an effective treatment option for patients with AML who have not responded to other treatments, or who are at high risk of recurrence.

BMT can offer several potential advantages in the treatment of AML. First, BMT can help to eliminate remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence. In addition, BMT can restore normal blood cell production, which can improve symptoms such as fatigue and infection risk. For patients who have received intensive chemotherapy, BMT can also help to rebuild the immune system, which may have been weakened by the treatment.

While BMT can be a promising treatment option for AML, it is important to note that it is a complex procedure that carries some risks. Patients who undergo BMT may experience side effects such as fatigue, nausea, and infection, and may require close monitoring and follow-up care. However, for patients who are at high risk of relapse or who have not responded to other treatments, BMT can be a potentially life-saving option.

In conclusion, bone marrow transplantation can play a critical role in the treatment of AML, particularly for patients who are at high risk of relapse or who have not responded to other treatments. By understanding the potential benefits and risks of BMT, patients and their families can work closely with their healthcare providers to make informed decisions about their treatment options.

Locations & Directions Locations & Directions


Get Directions

Find us on map

Contact & Appointment

[email protected]

Emergency Service

Call Us : (+66)8-522 38888